Provides deep insights to deploy
and verify Utility Communications

Zeus front

Zeus system


GOOSE, SV, MMS protocol analysis
and comprehensive latency tests


GOOSE protocol analysis


Supports legacy and new standards
to assure IEC-61850 migration


Substation


PTP wander analysis and generation


Substation


Atomic clock to test PTP / NTP


Substation


Hot-swappable modules

Modules


Substation engineers

Zeus is a tester designed to install and maintain the communications in the power industry. It supports legacy and new generation interfaces in order to verify Ethernet / IP, PTP, SyncE, ToD, IRIG-B, T1 / E1, C37.94, RS-232, G703 and protocols such as GOOSE, SV or MMS, therefore you will get a perfect vision and control of your infrastructures improving protection and data acquisition.

Substation

In substation automation many resources require accurate synchronization ranging from microseconds to milliseconds:

  • Applications that use SV / GOOSE and need to minimize latency.
  • Data acquisition at IED, RTU and MU.
  • SCADA and the MMS protocol.
  • Line protection schemes.
  • Events recording.
  • Synchro-phasors deployed across the WAN to monitor the power grid.

Zeus has a complete set of features for time commissioning by means of measurements, analysis and protocol emulations of PTP, IRIG-B, GPS, SyncE, T1/E1, 1PPS

Platform

Multiport Interfaces

  • A:B ports: 2 x SFP (100MbE, 1GbE)
  • A:B ports: 2 x RJ45 (10MbE, 100MbE, 1GbE)
  • C:D ports: Balanced 2 x RJ45 (T1/E1)
  • C:D ports: Unbalanced 2 x BNC (T1/E1)
  • GNSS Port: SMA female (GNSS)
  • PPS Ports: 3 x SMB female (Time refs.)

  • Hot swappable modules

  • C37.94
  • Datacom DTE/DCE: V.11/X.24, V.24/V.28, V.24/V.35, V.24/V.11 (V.36/RS449)
  • VF Port
  • Codirectional - G703
  • E1/T1
  • Optical to Electrical

  • Operation / Results

  • Graphic and tabular wander results
  • Navigation: by touch screen, keyboard, mouse
  • Remote Control: by VNC
  • Storage capacity: one week of results
  • Export: results in pdf/txt/csv through USB interface or SD card
  • Report export to remote host through Ethernet / IP
  • Ergonomics

  • Size: 260 x 160 x 63 mm
  • Weight: 1.9 kg
  • Light and easy to carry in a small bag
  • Start: Manual / Timed with optional password
  • Batteries

  • Two pack of Lipo batteries always included
  • Large duration that also depends on operation, conditions, aging, etc.
  • Time / Clocks

    Internal Clocks

  • Default better than ±2.0 ppm
  • OCXO better than ±0.1 ppm
  • Rubidium better than ±5.0e-11 (GNSS disciplined, warm- up: 600s)
  • Internal Rubidium clock

    Free―run (No GPS)

  • Freq. accuracy (7.5 minutes warm up): ± e-9
  • Freq. accuracy on shipment (24 h. warm up): ±5.0e-11
  • Aging (1 day, 24 hours warm up): ±0.5e-11
  • Aging (1 year): ±1e-9
  • GPS locked

  • Time accuracy (24 h. locked): ±50 ns
  • Hold - over (after 24 h. locked)

  • Freq. accuracy: 1.5e-11 / 24h
  • Time accuracy: ±100 ns / 2h, ±1.0μs / 24 h
  • Clock References

  • Built-in GNSS receiver
  • SyncE
  • IRIG-B
  • T1/E1
  • 10 MHz
  • 5 MHz
  • 2048 kHz
  • 1544 kHz
  • 1PPS
  • 1PP2S
  • ToD
  • SyncE and PTP testing

  • PTP profiles: Telecom and Power
  • Encapsulations: Ethernet and UDP
  • Clock emulation: Master / Slave, Unicast/Multicast, 128 packet/s
  • PDV capture, protocol analysis and correction field support
  • Ethernet PTP Frequency testing

  • Floor Delay Population (G.8260): FPC, FPR, FPP
  • Wander: Analysis and Generation TIE, MTIE and TDEV (in real time)
  • Ethernet PTP Phase testing

  • Measured at GbE and 1pps interfaces
  • Time Error (TE): Maximum (max |TE|), Dynamic (dTE), Constant (cTE)
  • 1 pps testing

  • Wander: TIE, MTIE, TDEV
  • Time Error (TE): Maximum (max |TE|)
  • Synchronous Ethernet

  • ESMC / SSM: Generation, decoding and transparent forwarding
  • Wander: Analysis/Generation: TIE, MTIE and TDEV (in real time)
  • IEC 61850 GOOSE

  • Decodes and analyzes GOOSE messages
  • GOOSE protocol scan with GoCBName, GoID, DatSet
  • GOOSE frame count for the active flow and all flows
  • Latency: current, avrg., min., max., range and std. dev. IEC 61850 SV
  • Decodes and analyzes SV messages
  • SV protocol scan with svID population
  • SV frame count for the active flow and all flows
  • Sample count and sampling rate measurement
  • Latency: current, avrg., min., max., range and std. dev.

    Latency & Delay measurements

    E1, T1, GbE

  • Round-trip delay (RTD)
  • One-way delay (OWD) GNSS assisted
  • Ethernet PTP

  • Floor delay packet population, ratio/percentage/count
  • Path delay asymmetry
  • End-to-end / peer-to-peer path delay mechanisms
  • Master-to-slave / Slave-to-grandmaster latency
  • PTP packet delay variation test
  • Time Error (TE): Maximum (max |TE|), Dynamic (dTE), Constant (cTE)
  • Service Disruption Time

  • Interfaces: E1, T1, IEEE C37.94, Datacom, Co/Contra-directional
  • Resolution: 100 us

  • Ethernet/IP Testing

    8 x independent streams

  • Streams: may use individual sour/dest. addresses and bandwidth profile
  • Internet Protocol: IPv4 / IPv6 support
  • Frames: DIX, VLAN, Q-in-Q, CoS (DSCP/PCP), MPLS, and Jumbo
  • IP with UDP or arbitrary protocol
  • DHCP for source IP and ARP for destination MAC
  • Counts et statistics

  • Frame counts, IP traffic statistics, and bit rate
  • Top ten VLAN, MAC, IPv4 and IPv6 addresses
  • QoS: Latency, Delay variation, Loss ratio, SES, Availability, OOS, Duplicated
  • BER Tests et Patterns

  • Traffic generation: Continuous, Burst, Ramp, Random
  • PHY layer: RPAT, JPAT, SPAT, HFPAT, LFPAT, MFPAT, LCRPAT, SCRPAT
  • Layer 2/4 PRBS: 2e11-1, 2e15-1, 2e20-1, 2e23-1, 2e31-1
  • Layer 2/4 PRBS: all inverted versions
  • Symmetric/Asymmetric RFC-2544

  • Throughput
  • Latency
  • Loss
  • Back-to-back
  • System Recovery
  • Symmetric/Asymmetric eSAM (Y.1564)

  • Latency, Delay Variation, Loss, and Availability
  • Eight / four services (colour/not colour)
  • CIR, EIR, max, Througput
  • Loopback

  • L1 - L4 loopback mode
  • Traffic filtering by
  • sour/dest MAC/IP/Port
  • VLAN, CoS (DSCP/PCP)
  • Protocol

  • PDH / T.Carrier testing

    Interfaces

  • T1 (ANSI T1.102)
  • E1 (ITU-T G.703)
  • E0/Co-Directional (ITU-T G.703)
  • Modes

  • Terminal
  • Monitor
  • High Impedance
  • Pass-through
  • T1: Framed SF and ESF and unframed Generation/Analysis
  • E1: Framed PCM-30 / 31 with/without CRC and Unframed signals
  • T1/E1: Display and Edition: all fields, CAS, Pulse Masks, Events
  • Channel map: Busy/Free, External Drop/Insert of 64 kb/s co-dir or datacom
  • Measurements

  • BER
  • Line/Freq
  • Errors/Alarms
  • G.821, G.826, M.2100
  • VF: tone generation/analysis
  • Attenuation, Freq, Freq. deviation, Level, Peak codes
  • Synchronization

  • Jitter analysis: Peak to peak, RMS, hits, count (0.1 to 100 kHz range)
  • Wander: Analysis/Generation and masks (1 μHz to 10 Hz range)
  • Wander Analysis/Generation in 10 MHz, 2048 kHz, 1544 kHz, 1pps
  • C37.94 testing

    Operation Modes

  • Unframed or framed operation
  • Clock: Recovered or Internal
  • End point or terminal mode
  • Results with PASS/FAIL indications

    Analysis & Generation

  • Bit Rate generation in steps of nx64 kb/s up to 768 kb/s
  • BER test
  • ITU-T G.821 performance test
  • Event Detection / Insertion
  • Defects: LOS, AIS, LOF, RDI, LSS, All 0, All 1
  • Anomalies: FAS, TSE, Slip

    Delay & Freq. Tests

  • Round Trip Delay (ms)
  • One-way Delay synchronized with GPS
  • Frequency (Hz)
  • Frequency Deviation (ppm), max. Deviation

    Jitter and Wander analysis

  • Peak to peak, RMS, jitter, hits detection and count
  • MTIE and TDEV resolution: 100 ps
  • Pass / Fail based on standard masks

    C37.94 SFPs

  • Multi-mode: SFP 850 nm, 2048 kbit/s, 1500 meters
  • Single-mode; SFP 1310 nm, 2048 kbit/s, 10 km
  • Optical Power Meter
  • Cable features

    Cable tests

  • Wiremap
  • Skew
  • Cable Diagnostics
  • Distance to fault

    Power over Ethernet

  • PoE and PoE+
  • Volts / Current
  • Datacom testing

    Modes

  • Terminal emulation
  • Bi-directional Monitoring
  • Datacom / E1 mux
  • Display and Edition

  • DTE/DCE control circuit
  • Timing circuits
  • Binary rates
  • Tests

  • BER, Frequency
  • Insertion/Analysis of events
  • G.821